ASPEK KOGNITIF, AFFEKTIF AND BEHAVIORA KELUARGA PENGASUH DALAM MERAWAT PENDERITA GANGGUAN JIWA SKIZOFRENIA DI GIANYAR – BALI TAHUN 2015
Rahayuni I Gusti Ayu Rai1, Yudara Sandra Putra I Putu Gde 2
Cognitif, Affektif, Behavior, Family Caregiver, Schizophrenia
Mental disorders: schizophrenia have a negative effect not only on the patient but also their family caregivers. Family caregivers often experience stress due burdened by problems of stigma, deviations and changes behavior of the patients who should be returned to live with their families after being treated at a mental hospital. Although the family have enough knowledge and level of education levels, it does not guarantee they always able to receive and make appropriate contributions to support the recovery of patients, if there is no support by good attitude that reflected the emotions and feelings (affektif), beliefs (cognitive) and behavioral intentions ( behavior).This study aims to determine the contribution of family caregivers in caring for people with mental disorders: schizophrenia in developing koqnitif, affective and behavior of the attitude . This research is a descriptive cross sectional approach. Respondents are family caregivers as a key carers chosen one of the family members of 70 families who regularly accompany the patient to get treatments in a Mental Health Hospital (RSJ) that comes from Gianyar Regency of Bali Province, through total sampling technique. Data were collected by questionnaire affektif, koqnitif and behavior of family caregivers. The results based on the cognitive component of attitude shows at most of that 43 people (61.42%) in good of Cognitive category, the affective components most of that 52 (74.28%) in the moderate affective category and the behavior component most of that 49 (70%), in the moderate behavior category. Based on the research results, it is recommended to practitioners to enhance the promotion and prevention efforts through health education programs, family psycho-education, family gathering, home visits to improve and maintain a positive components of attitude in order to recovery process of the patients.