HUBUNGAN DUKUNGAN SOSIAL DENGAN KADAR GLYCATED (HbA1C) PADA PASIEN DIABETES MELITUS TIPE 2
Ns Ni Luh Putu Inca Buntari Agustini, S.Kep., MNS
social support, HbA1C, diabetes mellitus type 2
Diabetes mellitus is often called the silent killer, which if it is not managed properly, it thus can lead to a variety of chronic complications. The key to success in maintaining the condition in order to stay healthy is to keep HbA1C levels remained in the normal state. This leads to the patient in need of social support. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between social support and HbA1C levels in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2. The design of this research was descriptive analytic with cross-sectional approach applied. The study was conducted from three Primary Health Centers located in North Denpasar. The samples in this study were 181 patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 required in the inclusion criteria of the study. Purposive sampling technique was applied in collecting the sample. Data collected by using a questionnaire of social support and data HbA1C levels. The relationship between the variables of family support and HbA1C levels was analysed using Perasonís r. Results of this study revealed that there was a significant relationship between social support and HbA1C levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (r = -0.09, p <0.01). Suffering from diabetes mellitus is a condition that can change the lives of patients. Social support is an important element to keep HbA1C levels remained within normal limits, and preventing chronic complications associated with diabetes mellitus.
Keywords: social support, HbA1C, diabetes mellitus type 2